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Understanding the basics of the history to live in Portugal

1910 to the present day

Announcement of the Portuguese Republic
Poster celebrating the main events of the revolution that led to the birth of the Portuguese Republic
  • The birth of the Portuguese Republic on 5 October 1910. Portugal deployed the Republican regime, after the coup that overthrew King Manuel II.
  • Dictatorship (1926-1974)-the military coup of 1926 ended the first Republic, initiating a military dictatorship led by general Carmona. António de Oliveira Salazar became President of the Council of Ministers 1932 with dictatorial powers
  • Democracy (1974 to the present)-on 25 April 1974 in Lisbon happened the Carnation Revolution
  • III-Republic After a year on the revolution, on 25 April 1975, the first free elections in Portugal.

Constitutional monarchy (1820-1910)

regicide of King Dom Carlos Prince Don Luis Filipe
Regicide of King Dom Carlos Prince Don Luis Filipe
  • 1820-liberal Revolution in small groups of the bourgeoisie
  • 1822 – the Portuguese Constitution was approved in 1822, which the King accepted, starting the constitutional monarchy. Inspired by the French Constitution of 1791 and in the Spanish Constitution of 1812.
  • 1826-Triggered a dispute over the dominance of the reign between constitutionalists and absolutists.
  • 1908-regicide of 1 February 1908-death of King Carlos I of Portugal and his son and main heir, the Prince Royal Luís Filipe de Bragança, marking the end of the last serious attempt to reform the constitutional monarchy
  • 1910-end of monarchy with the Republic on 5 October 1910

Restoration and invasions (1640-1820)

Portrait of the Marquis of Pombal (1766)
Portrait of the Marquis of Pombal (1766) painted by Louis-Michel van Loo and Claude-Joseph Vernet.
  • (1641 to 1668)-restoration War against Philip IV of Spain that led to the Treaty of Lisbon of 1668, signed by Alfonso VI of Portugal and Carlos II of Spain and which recognizes the complete independence of Portugal.
  • (1750 – 1777)-Time Pombalina-Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, better known as the Marquis of Pombal was Portuguese Prime Minister, under appointment of Don José i. growth of mineração of gold and precious stones in Brazil, makes the King d. João V one of the richest monarchs of Europe. The November 1 1755 occurred the great Lisbon earthquake that destroyed almost the whole town and left trail of great destruction all over the Portugal. The Prime Minister Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal, directed a quick reconstruction with the urban concepts and aesthetic of the enlightenment and began a period of modernization and Europeanization of the country. The February 12 1761 Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal, ended slavery in Mainland Portugal
  • 1807-Napoleon invades Portugal however the attacker's plans have failed due to the escape of the Portuguese court to Brazil. In 1814 Napoleon is defeated by the sixth Coalition

Iberian Union (1580-1640)

Proclamation of King João IV
Proclamation of King D John IV

Portuguese Discoveries. From 1415 to 1543

Infante Dom Henrique
Prince Henry the Navigator, generally credited as the driving force behind Portuguese maritime exploration
Map of the Portuguese discoveries
Map of the Portuguese discoveries.

The Portuguese discoveries were the set of achievements made by the Portuguese in travel and maritime explorations between 1415 and 1543 that began with the conquest of Ceuta in Africa.

  • 1415 – the beginning of the Portuguese discoveries is marked with the conquest of Ceuta
  • 1418-rediscovery of the island of Porto Santo in Madeira
  • 1427-first contacts with the archipelago of the Azores
  • 1434 – Gil Eanes skirted the Cape Bojador
  • 1487-nautical connection between the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean
  • 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus to America
  • 7 June 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas between Portugal and Castile. The Treaty of Tordesillas established the Division of the world into two areas: the Portuguese and Castilian, with Portugal the land "discovered and undiscovered" located before the imaginary line which demarcated 370 leagues (1770 km) West of the Cape Verde Islands, and Spain the land that would be in addition to this line
  • Discovery of sea route to India by Vasco da Gama during the reign of King Manuel I in 1497-1499
  • 1500-Pedro Álvares Cabral discovers Brazil
  • 1510-Afonso de Albuquerque conquered Goa, in India and shortly after, in 1511, Malacca on Malaysia
  • 1543-Francisco Zeimoto, António Mota and António Peixoto are the first Portuguese to reach the Japan

1249 the King d. Afonso III reconquest the Algarve and became known as King of Portugal and the Algarve

D Afonso III
Statue in honor of King Afonso III, symbolizing the reconquest of the Algarve to the Moors

In 1249 the King d. Afonso III completes the Portuguese conquest with the reconquest of Al-Gharb (Algarve) to Moors

1139 - Dom Afonso Henriques, first King of Portugal

D. Afonso Henriques
D. Afonso Henriques

In 1139, after the battle of Ourique against a strong Moorish contingent, d. Afonso Henriques proclaimed himself King of Portugal. D. Afonso I reigned between July 26 1139 and 6 December 1185. Dom Afonso Henriques was nicknamed "the Conqueror", "the Founder" and "the great"

Portugal since prehistory until the first reign

cromlech Almendres
The Almendres cromlech date the end of construction at the beginning of the third millennium BC is a prehistoric stone circle (cromlech) with 95 stone monoliths. Is the megalithic monument of its kind in the Iberian Peninsula

Portugal, founded in 1139 is one of the oldest nation States of Europe, however the history of Portugal takes place:

  • Prehistory notes the first hominids about 500 1000 years
  • The Iberian Peninsula was inhabited by Iberian pre-Roman Peoples from pre-history until the 3rd century b.c.
  • When the Romans conquered the Iberian Peninsula in 218 BC. Their dominance lasted until the 5th century
  • In the 5th century the Germanic and the Moors from North Africa conquered the Iberian Peninsula